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Tsuge was born the eldest of three sons on October 30, 1937 in Katsushika, Tokyo, Japan. After Tsuge's father's death in 1942, two half-sisters, from his mother's second marriage, was introduced to his family. The recession in post-World War II Japan, inspired Tsuge to create comics to the pay-libraries' editors in an attempt to solve his financial problems. Being intensely shy, making dramatic pictures was one way to avoid meeting people and to earn money simultaneously. He created his first gekiga at 18, showing Osamu Tezuka's influence, who was one of the first mainstream artists to draw gekiga. When a girlfriend left him in his early 20s, combined with his debt, Tsuge went into depression and attempted suicide. In 1965, Katsuichi Nagai, editor and publisher of avant-garde magazine, Garo, heard about Tsuge's plight and printed "Yoshiharu Tsuge - please get in touch!" on one of the pages of Garo.
In 1966, Tsuge suffered from another onset of depression and stopped drawing his own manga to be Shigeru Mizuki's assistant. Under Mizuki's influence, Tsuge's later publications feature highly-detailed backgrounds and his trademark cartoonish-characters. Arguably one of Tsuge's more famous works, Screw Style (ねじ式 Neji-Shiki?) was translated and published in the 250th edition of The Comics Journal. After the publication of Munō no Hito (無能の人?, lit. "The Man without Talent") in 1986, Tsuge has not drawn anymore manga. Gilles Laborderie from Indy Magazine notes that Tsuge "tries to create a pace through careful narrative techniques rather than through grand dramatic events" and compares his style to Yoshihiro Tatsumi's.
- Akai Hana (published as "Red Flowers" in RAW)
- Arijigoku (manga) (Antlion)
- Gensenkan Shujin
- Jōhatsu Tabi Nikki
- Kona no Yado
- Munō no Hito (The Man without Talent)
- Screw Style (Neji-Shiki)
- The Sun's Joke
- Yoshio no Seishun (Yoshino's Youth)
- Laborderie, Gilles (2004). "A singular genius: Yoshiharu Tsuge's "L'Homme Sans Talent"". Indy Magazine. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
- "Gekiga: The Flipside of Manga". Paul Gravett. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Isabelinho, Domingos (December 12, 2008). "Yoshiharu Tsuge's Nejishiki". thecribsheet-isabelinho.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Schodt, Frederik L. (1999). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga (2 ed.). Stone Bridge Press. pp. 200–203. ISBN 9781880656235. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Gravett, Paul (2004). [[Manga: Sixty Years of Japanese Comics]]. Laurence King Publishing. p. 132. ISBN 9781856693912. Retrieved 2009-05-09. URL–wikilink conflict (help)
- "「ねじ式」夜話" (in Japanese). mugendo-web.com. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "つげ義春全集 ５ 紅い花／やなぎ屋主人他全１２篇" (in Japanese). Chumika Shobo. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "Yoshiharu Tsuge". Comic Book Database. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "紅い花 / 1" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "蟻地獄・枯野の宿 (新潮文庫)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "無能の人・日の戯れ (新潮文庫)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "America Gets Screwed". Anime News Network. 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
- "つげ義春コレクション１ ねじ式／夜が掴む" (in Japanese). Chumika Shobo. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- "ねじ式 / 1" (in Japanese). Shogakukan. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "Comics Journal issue #250 - contents". The Comics Journal. 2003-02-21. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
- "義男の青春・別離 (新潮文庫)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Marechal, Beatrice (2005). "On Top of the Mountain The Influential Manga of Yoshiharu Tsuge". The Comics Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
- "作品一覧" (in Japanese). tokyo.cool.ne.jp. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Yoshiharu Tsuge at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- (French) Yoshiharu Tsuge's french editor : Ego comme x
- (French) french translation of an interview with Tsuge, in 1987
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