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For the nuclear physics topic, see superdeformation. For the song by Matthew Sweet, see No Alternative.

Ryu drawn in a super deformed style, from the arcade game Pocket Fighter, known as Super Gem Fighter: Mini Mix in the United States

Super deformed or SD is a specific style of Japanese caricature where characters are drawn in an exaggerated way, typically small and chubby, with stubby limbs and oversized heads, to make them resemble small children.

The style is closely related to the chibi concept.

Japanese media[]

The super deformed style is part of Japanese culture and is seen everywhere from advertising and subway signs to anime and manga.

It is often also used on anime and manga in brief interjections to show an extreme or exaggerated emotion, such as anger or surprise, that would be difficult to portray or would seem out of character if expressed on a more realistic face. They are meant to be cute and are often used in humorous diversions from the storyline.

Recent trends in anime have shifted away from super-deformed character designs, yet the traditional anime character designs remain.[citation needed]


Proportions are often measured using head length as a guide. The average adult is considered to stand seven (1:7) to seven and a half heads tall. Idealized figures are often drawn eight heads(1:8) in length.

The head of a super deformed character is normally anywhere between one third (1:3 ratio)[1] and one half (1:2 ratio) the character's height,[2] often a golden ratio (38 percent), with the eyes taking up much of the space on the head[citation needed]. Some artists may use alternative proportions. There are other exaggerated proportions (such as the 1/5th proportion, as used by Tales of Eternia, etc) that are popular in anime, but are not considered SD.


See also[]

  • List of super deformed fighting games


External links[]

ca:Super deformed it:Super deformed nl:Super deformed no:Super deformed pl:Super deformed pt:Super deformed