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Stockard Channing (born February 13, 1944) is an American stage, film and television actress. She is known for her portrayal of First Lady Abbey Bartlet in the NBC television series The West Wing; for playing Betty Rizzo in the film Grease; and for her role in both the stage and screen versions of Six Degrees of Separation.
Channing was born Susan Antonia Williams Stockard in New York City, the daughter of Mary Alice (née English), who came from a large Brooklyn-based Irish Catholic family, and Lester Napier Stockard, who was in the shipping business and died in 1960. She grew up on the Upper East Side. She is an alumna of The Madeira School, a Virginia boarding school for girls, after starting out at The Chapin School in New York City. Then, she studied history and literature at Radcliffe College, and graduated in 1965. She married her first husband, Walter Channing, in 1963 when she was 19 and kept the amalgamated name "Stockard Channing" after they divorced in 1967.
Channing started her acting career with the experimental Theatre Company of Boston and eventually performed in the group's off-Broadway production of Adaptation/Next. In 1971, she made her Broadway debut in Two Gentlemen of Verona -- The Musical, working with playwright John Guare.
Channing made her television debut on Sesame Street in the role of the The Number Painter's victim. She landed her first lead role in the 1973 television movie The Girl Most Likely to..., a black comedy written by Joan Rivers.
After a few small parts in feature films, Channing co-starred with Warren Beatty and Jack Nicholson in Mike Nichols' The Fortune (1975). In 1978, at the age of 33, she took on the role of high school teenager Betty Rizzo in the hit musical Grease. Her performance earned her the People's Choice Awards for Favorite Motion Picture Supporting Actress. That year, she also played Peter Falk's secretary in Neil Simon's film The Cheap Detective.
Channing starred in two short-lived sitcoms on CBS in 1979 and 1980: Stockard Channing in Just Friends and The Stockard Channing Show. In both shows, she co-starred with actress Sydney Goldsmith, who played her best friend in both. Her Hollywood career faltered after these failures, so Channing returned to her theatre roots. After a run as the female lead in the Broadway show, They're Playing Our Song (1980–81), she landed the part of the mother in the 1982 New Haven production of Peter Nichols' A Day in the Death of Joe Egg. She reprised the role on Broadway and won the 1985 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.
Channing continued her successful return to the stage by teaming up again with playwright John Guare. She received Tony nominations for her performances in his plays, The House of Blue Leaves (1986) and Six Degrees of Separation (1990) (for which she also won an Obie). Woman in Mind received its American premiere in New York on 17 February 1988 at the Manhattan Theatre Club. The production was directed by Lynne Meadow and the cast included Stockard Channing in the role of Susan, for which she won a Drama Desk Award for best actress. Channing also garnered recognition for her work in television during this time. She was nominated for an Emmy for the CBS miniseries Echoes in the Darkness (1987) and won a CableACE Award for the Harvey Fierstein-scripted Tidy Endings (HBO, 1988). Channing also appeared in 1989's Staying Together.
Channing's film career was re-energized in 1993 when she reprised her lead role as an Upper East Side matron in the film version of Six Degrees of Separation. She was nominated for an Oscar and a Golden Globe Award for her performance. She then made several films in quick succession: To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar and Smoke (both 1995); a cameo appearance in The First Wives Club, Up Close and Personal, and Moll Flanders (all 1996). For Smoke she was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actress and for Moll Flanders she was nominated for Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress - Drama.
Channing kept busy with film, television and stage roles throughout the late 1990s. She starred in the USA Network film An Unexpected Family in 1996 and in its sequel, An Unexpected Life, in 1998. She was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award as Best Supporting Female for her performance as one-half of an infertile couple in The Baby Dance (also 1998). On stage, she performed at Lincoln Center in Tom Stoppard's Hapgood (1995) and in the 1997 revival of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes. During this period, Channing even dabbled in voice-over work, voicing Barbara Gordon in the animated series, Batman Beyond, and appearing on an episode of King of the Hill.
Channing was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress three times in the 1990s: in 1991, for Six Degrees of Separation; in 1992, for Four Baboons Adoring the Sun; and in 1999, for The Lion in Winter.
The West Wing and beyond
In 1999, Channing took on the role of First Lady Abbey Bartlet in the NBC television series The West Wing. She was a recurring guest star for the show's first two seasons; she became a regular cast member in 2001. In the seventh and final season of The West Wing (2005–2006), Channing appeared in only six episodes (including the series finale) because she was co-starring (with Henry Winkler) in the CBS sitcom Out of Practice at the same time. Out of Practice was cancelled by CBS after one season.
Channing received several awards in 2002. She won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series for her work on The West Wing. That same year, she also won the Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress in a Television Movie or Miniseries for her portrayal of Judy Shepard in The Matthew Shepard Story, a docudrama about Matthew Shepard's life and murder. Finally, Channing received the 2002 London Film Critics Circle Award (ALFS) for Best Actress of the Year for her role in the film The Business of Strangers. For The Business of Strangers she was also nominated for the American Film Institute Best Actress award.
In 2005, Channing won a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer in a Children/Youth/Family Special for Jack, a Showtime television movie about a young man struggling to understand why his father left the family for another man. She was selected for the second narrator of the Animal Planet hit series Meerkat Manor in 2008, replacing Sean Astin, who did the first three seasons. In November 2008, she returned to Broadway as Vera Simpson in the musical Pal Joey where she was nominated for the 2009 Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical.
Until September 2008, she was the voice of AIG in their television advertising.
Channing has been married and divorced four times; she has no children. Her second husband was Paul Schmidt, a professor of Slavic languages (1970–76), and her third was writer-producer David Debin (1976–80). Her fourth husband was businessman David Rawle (1980–88). She has been in a relationship with cinematographer Daniel Gillham for more than 20 years; they met on the set of A Time of Destiny. The couple resides in Maine when not working.
- The Hospital (1971) (uncredited)
- Up the Sandbox (1972)
- The Girl Most Likely to... (1973)
- The Fortune (1975)
- Sweet Revenge (1976)
- The Big Bus (1976)
- Grease (1978)
- The Cheap Detective (1978)
- The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh (1979)
- Safari 3000 (1982)
- Without a Trace (1983)
- Heartburn (1986)
- The Men's Club (1986)
- A Time of Destiny (1988)
- Staying Together (1989)
- Perfect Witness (1989)
- Meet the Applegates (1991)
- Married to It (1991)
- Bitter Moon (1992)
- Six Degrees of Separation (1993)
- Smoke (1995)
- To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar (1995)
- Mr. Willowby's Christmas Tree (1995)
- Up Close & Personal (1996)
- Edie & Pen (1996)
- Moll Flanders (1996)
- The First Wives Club (1996)
- The Prosecutors (TV) (1996)
- An Unexpected Family (TV) (1996)
- Twilight (1998)
- Lulu on the Bridge (1998)
- The Baby Dance (1998)
- Practical Magic (1998)
- An Unexpected Life (TV) (1998)
- The Venice Project (1999)
- Batman Beyond (8 episodes, 1999–2000)
- Other Voices (2000)
- Isn't She Great (2000)
- The Truth About Jane (2000)
- Where the Heart Is (2000)
- The Business of Strangers (2001)
- A Girl Thing (2001)
- Pearl Harbor: Death of the Arizona (2001) (documentary) (narrator)
- Life or Something Like It (2002)
- Confessions Of An Ugly Stepsister (2002)
- Behind the Red Door (2002)
- The Matthew Shepard Story (2002)
- Hitler: The Rise of Evil (2003)
- Bright Young Things (2003)
- The Piano Man's Daughter (2003)
- Le Divorce (2003)
- Anything Else (2003)
- Abby Singer (2003) (cameo)
- Home of the Brave (2004) (documentary) (narrator)
- Jack (2004)
- Red Mercury (2005)
- Must Love Dogs (2005)
- 3 Needles (2005)
- Out of Practice (21 episodes, 2005–2006)
- The West Wing (62 episodes, 1999–2006)
- Sparkle (2007)
- Multiple Sarcasms (2009)
- A Fonder Heart (2011)
- The Lion Roars Again (1975)
- A Different Approach (1978)
- From the Bottom Up (2004)
- Stockard Channing takes wing
- Stockard Channing at Biography.com.
- Stockard Channing at Yahoo! Movies.
- Zoe Williams. "Lousy with dignity," The Guardian, May 11, 2002.
- Review, The Girl Most Likely To..., The New York Times.
- Clare Rudebeck, "One Tough Cookie", The Independent (London), February 16, 2005.
- Reilly, Sue. "Rizzo's Resurrection" in People, July 16, 1979.
- Stockard Channing on www.nndb.com, retrieved July 10, 2009.
- Polly Vernon, "What I know about men...", The Observer, April 29, 2006
- Template:Title without disambig at the Internet Movie Database
- Stockard Channing at the Internet Broadway Database
- Stockard Channing at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
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