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Shichirō Fukazawa (深沢 七郎 Fukazawa Shichirō?, January 29, 1914–August 18, 1987) was a noted Japanese author and musician.

Biography

Fukazawa was born in Isawa, Yamanashi, Japan.[1] His first novel, The Ballad of Narayama (楢山節考 Narayama bushiko?) won the Chūōkōron Prize,[2] and was twice made into a movie script: first by Keisuke Kinoshita in 1958,[3] and again by Shōhei Imamura in 1983.[4] Imamura's film won the Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or.[5]

In 1960, Chūōkōron published his satire Furyu mutan (“The Story of a Dream of Courtly Elegance"). In it the narrator dreams that leftists take over the Imperial Palace and behead Crown Prince Akihito and Princess Michiko before an enthusiastic crowd. This story provoked fury in the Imperial Household Agency and among Japanese ultra-nationalists.[6] On February 1, 1961, a seventeen-year-old rightist broke into the home of Chūōkōron's president, Shimanaka Hoji, killed a maid with a sword, and severely wounded Shimanaka's wife in response to the story.[7] Fukazawa went into hiding[6] and was little seen in public afterwards.

Selected prizes

  • 1956 Chūōkōron Prize for The Ballad of Narayama (Narayama bushiko, 楢山節考)[2][1]
  • 1981 Tanizaki Prize for Michinoku no ningyotachi (みちのくの人形たち)[1]

Selected works

  • Narayama bushiko, 楢山節考, 1956.
  • 東北の神武たち, 1957.
  • 笛吹川, 1958.
  • 言わなければよかったのに日記, 1958.
  • 東京のプリンスたち, 1959.
  • 千秋楽, 1964.
  • 甲州子守唄, 1964.
  • 人間滅亡の唄, 1966.
  • 庶民烈伝, 1970.
  • 盆栽老人とその周辺, 1973.
  • 無妙記, 1975.
  • 妖木犬山椒, 1975.
  • Michinoku no ningyotachi (みちのくの人形たち), 1979.
  • Chotto ippuku meido no michikusa (ちょっと 一服 冥土 の 道草), Tōkyō : Bungei Shunjū, 1983.
  • 極楽まくらおとし図, 1984.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "深沢七郎/著[[Category:Articles containing non-English-language text]] [[Category:Articles containing Japanese language text]]" (in Japanese). Shinchosha. 2001-10-05. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  line feed character in |title= at position 280 (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "深沢七郎: 『楢山節考』[[Category:Articles containing non-English-language text]] [[Category:Articles containing Japanese language text]]" (in Japanese). www.isis.ne.jp. 2001-10-05. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  line feed character in |title= at position 286 (help); External link in |publisher= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  3. Erickson, Hal. "The Ballad of Narayama". All Movie Guide. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  4. Mannikka, Eleanor. "The Ballad of Narayama". All Movie Guide. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  5. Mannikka, Eleanor. "The Ballad of Narayama: Awards". All Movie Guide. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Jap Novelist's Dream Account Raises Furor". Charleston Daily Mail (Charleston, West Virginia: The Daily Gazette Company). Associated Press. 1960-12-01. p. 6. The imperial household agency reacted angrily. There was talk of civil court action... An ultranationalist group in Tokyo, the "Greater Japan Patriotic Party," demanded the magazine issue an apology for printing the story.... Fukazawa... was reported hiding from possible physical attack from rightists. 
  7. Treat, John Whittier; 1994 (1994). "Beheaded Emperors and the Absent Figure in Contemporary Japanese Literature". PMLA (Modern Language Association) 109 (1): 100–115. doi:10.2307/463014. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)

it:Fukazawa Shichirō hu:Fukazava Sicsiró zh:深澤七郎

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