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This article is about the first anime series. For the franchise, see Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha (series).

Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha (魔法少女リリカルなのは Mahō Shōjo Ririkaru Nanoha?) is an anime television series directed by Akiyuki Shinbo, with screenplay written by Masaki Tsuzuki, and produced by Seven Arcs. It forms part of the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha series. The Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations broadcast thirteen episodes between October and December 2004. The series is a spin-off of the Triangle Heart series and its story follows a young girl named Nanoha Takamachi who decides to help a young mage named Yūno to recover a set of twenty-one artifacts named the "Jewel Seeds".

Masaki Tsuzuki adapted the series into a novel, which Megami Bunko published in August 2005. King Records has adapted several soundtracks and drama CDs from the series. A sequel to the anime series titled Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha A's produced by Seven Arcs premiered in Japan on October 2005, broadcast on Chiba TV. A film adaptation of the anime series, also by Seven Arcs, was released in theaters on January 23, 2010,[1] accompanied by a manga series which began serialization in Megami Magazine from November 2009.

Geneon Entertainment licensed the anime series for English-language dubbed release in North America at Anime Expo 2007 (June 29 to July 2). Due to Geneon switching distribution labels between September 2007 and July 2008, Funimation Entertainment distributed the series (in a single DVD compilation-volume boxset) approximately one and a half years after the announcement of the licensing. Many production-credits for the English-language dubbed release were missing.

Moderately well-received by Japanese-language viewers, all DVD volumes peak-ranked seventy to twenty-second and below on the Oricon Animation DVD ranking and remained on the chart for at least two weeks. The series received mixed reviews from English-language critics, with some praising and others criticising the pacing, visual style, and music of the series. G. B. Smith criticized the English-language dubbed release for its inconsistency in direction.


The storyline follows Nanoha Takamachi, a nine-year-old Japanese girl attending elementary school, who lives with her parents and her older siblings. Nanoha's regular everyday life ends when she rescues an injured ferret who reveals himself as a young shapeshifting mage named Yūno Scrya. An archaeologist from a parallel universe, Yūno came to Earth to collect a set of twenty-one dangerous ancient artifacts named the "Jewel Seeds" (ジュエルシード Jueru Shīdo?) that he first discovered in his own world. Jewel Seeds give living beings who come into contact with them unnatural powers, often turning them into monsters, and Yūno, injured while trying to collect them, must now rely on Nanoha while he convalesces in ferret form. He gives Nanoha an "intelligent device" (magical wand) called "Raising Heart" (レイジングハート Reijingu Hāto?), and she unexpectedly shows strong aptitude for magic. As the two gather the Jewel Seeds, Nanoha learns magic from Yūno while continuing with her ordinary everyday life.

In retrieving her sixth Jewel Seed, Nanoha encounters another mage named Fate Testarossa and her familiar named Arf. More than a year before the story began, Fate's mother, Precia Testarossa, went insane when her daughter Alicia died, initiating "Project Fate", an illegal research program of cloning and resurrection, making her a fugitive from the interdimensional police known as Time-Space Administration Bureau (TSAB). Precia cloned Alicia to create Fate and implanted her with Alicia's memories; nevertheless, she cannot care for Fate as she did for Alicia and abuses her regularly. Despite this, Fate is extremely loyal to her due to Alicia's happy childhood memories, which she takes as her own. In the series, Precia uses Fate to collect Jewel Seeds and reach Al Hazard, a mythical world where Alicia could be truly brought back to life.

Nanoha and Fate repeatedly face off against each other over each new Jewel Seed they find, and the TSAB soon interferes to prevent the collateral damage caused by their battles. Nanoha eventually manages to overpower Fate and brings her to the TSAB, prompting Precia to abandon her and attempt a dimensional jump to Al Hazard with the power of the few Jewel Seeds that Fate managed to gather thus far. Gathering her resolve, Fate decides to aid the TSAB and Nanoha in their fight to stop Precia. Although they manage to minimize the destructive side effects of using the Jewel Seeds, they fail to prevent Precia from finishing the spell, and her final whereabouts are unknown. Fate and Nanoha decide to become friends, but Fate must first travel to TSAB homeworld to prove she was an unwilling accessory in Precia's crimes.


Nanoha Takamachi first appeared as a minor character in the eroge visual novel Triangle Heart 3 released on December 8, 2000.[2] She first appeared, cast as a magical girl, on the merchandise CD Triangle Heart 3 ~Lyrical Toy Box~ released on June 29, 2001 and that was written by Masaki Tsuzuki, the creator of the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha franchise.[3][4] Nanoha's first appearance in animation was in the first episode of the Triangle Heart 3 OVA-adaptation series that released on July 24, 2003.[5]

Seven Arcs produced the anime television series Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha with direction by Akiyuki Shinbo and screenplay written by Masaki Tsuzuki. Broadcast across six stations of the Japanese Association of Independent Television Stations, it premiered on October 1, 2004 and aired weekly for thirteen episodes until its conclusion on December 25, 2004.[6] Hiroaki Sano produced the music for the series. The series uses two pieces of theme music; the opening theme is "Innocent Starter" performed by Nana Mizuki, and the ending theme is "Little Wish (Lyrical Step)" performed by Yukari Tamura. The series was released across five Region 2 DVD compilation volumes in Japan between January 26, 2005 and May 25, 2005.[7]

At Anime Expo 2007 (June 29 – July 2), Geneon Entertainment announced its acquisition of the English-language license of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha and of its sequel, Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha A's.[8] However, Geneon cancelled its distribution agreement with ADV Films in September 2007.[9] Funimation Entertainment acquired rights for distribution of Geneon titles in July 2008, after which, Funimation announced that they would soon began distributing the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha series.[10] Funimation began distributing the English release in a single Region 1 DVD compilation-volume boxset on December 29, 2008.[11] The release was dubbed by Geneon Entertainment in association with World Production Group.[12]



King Records released two maxi singles and two albums in Japan. "Innocent Starter" was released on October 6, 2004.[13] "Little Wish (Lyrical Step)" came out on October 21, 2004.[14] Alive & Kicking was released on December 8, 2004 and contained the insert song "Take a Shot" that was featured in twelfth episode of the anime television series.[15] The soundtrack album titled Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Original Sound Track that contained the background music used throughout the anime television series was released on May 11, 2005 and contains forty-one tracks.[16]

Drama CDs

Main article: List of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha drama CDs

King Records has released three drama CD adaptations of the series in Japan. The first, titled Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Sound Stage 01, appeared on November 26, 2004 and contained sixteen tracks; its story takes place between episodes two and three of the anime television series.[17] Sound Stage 02 followed on January 13, 2005 containing nineteen tracks, and its story takes place between episodes five and six of the anime series.[18] King Records released the final CD, Sound Stage 03, on April 6, 2005; it contains sixteen tracks, and its story takes place after the conclusion of the anime series.[19]


Megami Bunko published a one-hundred-eighty-page novelized adaptation titled Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha (魔法少女リリカルなのは Mahō Shōjo Ririkaru Nanoha?) (ISBN 978-4-05-903506-8) on September 30, 2005. Masaki Tsuzuki wrote the text and Kōji Hasegawa did the illustrations. The plot of the book follows the same story as the anime television series.[20]


An anime film titled Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha the Movie 1st and adapted from the anime television series was released in Japan on January 23, 2010.[21] Aniplex displayed a trailer of the film as well as character-design sketches and original drawings at its booth at Tokyo International Anime Fair 2009.[22] Although the film retells the same story as the anime television series, Masaki Tsuzuki emphasized that the movie is not necessarily the "true history" of the story, but a "new parallel history."[4] A manga based on the movie began publication in November 2009[citation needed]. The film was released on DVD and Bluray-Disc November 26, 2010, and includes English subtitles and an audience participation track.[23]


In Japan, the first DVD compilation-volume peak-ranked 38th on the Oricon DVD chart and remained on the chart for three weeks.[24] The second through fifth DVD volumes each peak-ranked 39th, 29th, 72nd, and 49th respectively and remained on the chart for two weeks.[25][26][27][28] Before Geneon Entertainment's announcement of its acquisition of the license for the series at Anime Expo 2007, ICv2 reported that the series had gained a reputation among United States "hardcore" fans for its use of technology as a replacement for magic and being a magical girl series that uncharacteristically deals with more "real" and "intense" social problems.[29] Geneon's lack of a distributor between September 2007 and July 2008 left many[which?] English-language fans wondering as to what would occur to the distribution status of the series that Geneon had licensed - including Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha. A fan pointed out that the English-languaged dubbed DVD boxset did not contain the credits for the director, automated dialogue replacement script adapter, and some voice actors. Many English-language viewers, even the more knowledgeable, reported being largely unfamiliar with many of the names of the English-language voice actors who contributed to the work.[12]

Anime News Network's Carl Kimlinger described the anime series as one filled with typical magical-girl tropes and as one that takes otaku-targeted entertainment to "its logical extreme" - filled with what he described as a "neutron-star" of otaku obsessions.[30] Although Tim Jones of THEM Anime Reviews noted that the series did contain aspects typical of the magical girl genre, he stated that the anime had several unique aspects such as featuring characters fighting "physically" instead at long-range with magic and targeting "an older male demographic".[31] Davey C. Jones of Active Anime praised the series for building up to "intense double climax" with the revelation of Fate's backstory and the final battle on Precia's ship.[32] However, Mania Entertainment's Chris Beveridge criticized the anime series as too rushed, stating that it would have been "more engaging and fun" as a twenty-six-episode-long series as opposed to its current length of thirteen episodes.[33] Tim Jones lauded the last five episodes of the series as its highlight due to the dramatic change in style the series underwent introducing "intrigue and excitement" to the show, criticizing the first few episodes as "most forgettable, boring, and just plain uninteresting episodes of any show [he had] ever seen".[31] Both Beveridge and Kimlinger criticized the series for conveying a sense of maturity that is "out of place" in a storyline that follows third-grade characters at the age of nine.[30][33]

Beveridge described the anime series as having well-designed visuals with character designs produced with "strong, vibrant colors" that "all come across very well".[33] Davey C. Jones praised the visual effects applied to the spells as making them "look extra spiffy and, well, magical".[32] Kimlinger noted the use of multiple animation directors who gave "each episode a distinct look" and allowed the series to "retain a level of stylistic continuity" that he described as resulting in an "uneven, but ... undeniably appealing" look.[30] Although Tim Jones praised the character designs as "distinct enough to distinguish [between] the fairly large cast", he criticized the animation quality as ranging from "okay to downright lazy". He stated that "aside from the great opening song, the music, though good, is forgettable", but described the ending theme as "lame". Beveridge stated that the "solid" musical score helps convey the "action cleanly".[33]

Mania Entertainment's G. B. Smith criticized the English-language dubbed release by Geneon for having several inconsistencies in the performances, pronunciation of names and localization, but accredited these faults to the direction. Smith praised the voice actors in the English dub for the many of the main characters, stating that "here are several A rank performances that shine quite well"; however, Smith stated that "there is a noticeable drop off in the quality of the voices and the performances in the lesser and incidental characters." Smith noted that the subtitles and English dub diverged "sharply" in the way they name characters. Additionally, Smith criticized the English script for being excessively lip-synched producing "Weird Sounding English".[12]

The film adaptation earned 380million yen (approx. $4.4million USD) during its release. The Bluray Disc version of the movie sold 58,000 copies in its first week and has been in the top position of the Bluray charts for its first two weeks of sale.[34]


  1. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Official site" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2010-01-28).  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "Triangle Hearts 3 ~Sweet Songs Forever~" (in Japanese). Space Project. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  3. "Triangle Hearts 3 Lyrical Toy Box" (in Japanese). Space Project. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha The Movie 1st Announced". Anime News Network. 2008-07-28. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  5. "Triangle Heart ~Sweet Songs Forever~ #1" (in Japanese). Discover. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  6. "Drama Data Entry - Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha (1)" (in Japanese). Furusaki Yasunari. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  7. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha DVD Series" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  8. Koulikov, Mikhail (2007-07-02). "Anime Expo 2007: Geneon Entertainment". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  9. "ADV Films, Geneon USA's Distribution Deal Cancelled (Updated)". Anime News Network. 2007-09-20. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  10. "FUNimation Entertainment and Geneon Entertainment Sign Exclusive Distribution Agreement for North America". Anime News Network. 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  11. "Lyrical Nanoha: Season Set". Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Smith, G. B. (2008-12-12). "Eigo kudasai (English, please): The One with the Raging Heart". Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  13. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Opening Theme" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  14. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Ending Theme" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  15. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Background Music" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  16. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Original Sound Track" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  17. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Sound Stage 01" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  18. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Sound Stage 02" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  19. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Sound Stage 03" (in Japanese). Nanoha Project. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  20. "Magami Bunko: Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha" (in Japanese). Gakken. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  21. "Magical Girl Lyrical NANOHA The MOVIE 1st" (in Japanese). Nanoha the Movie 1st Project. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  22. "TAF 2009: Trailer and Original Drawings of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha The Movie 1st". Gigazine. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  24. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vol.1 / Animation" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  25. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vol.2 / Animation" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  26. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vol.3 / Animation" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  27. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vol.4 / Animation" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  28. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Vol.5 / Animation" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  29. "'Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha'". ICv2. 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 Kimlinger, Carl (2008-12-15). "Review: Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha DVD - Box Set". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 Jones, Tim. "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha". THEM Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  32. 32.0 32.1 Jones, Davey C. (2009-11-01). "MAGICAL GIRL LYRICAL NANOHA COMPLETE SEASON 1". Active Anime. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 Beveridge, Chris (2009-01-07). "Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha: Complete Collection". Mania. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 

External links

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