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Paying tribute to Astro Boy, created by his mentor Osamu Tezuka, Ishinomori used the stories of Carlo Collodi's Pinocchio (which was also the basis for Astro Boy) along with Mary Shelley's Frankenstein as the basis for his science fiction action story.
The series was originally a live-action Tokusatsu series, as was its sequel Kikaider 01. A manga drawn in a style reminiscent of Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy was eventually published, introducing Kikaider 00. A 13-episode anime and 4-episode OVA based on the manga were created in 2001.
- Android Kikaider (1972) TV Series + one movie
- Kikaider 01 (1973) TV series
- Mechanical Violator Hakaider (1995) movie
The manga series was serialized in Bessatsu Shōnen Sunday at the same time as the live action television series. Kikaider Code 02 a manga series by MEIMU published by Kadokawa Comics A.
- Android Kikaider: The Animation (2000)-(2001) TV Series
- Kikaider 01: The Animation (2001) 4-Part OVA
- The Boy Who Carried a Guitar: Kikaider Vs. Inazuman (2002) OVA Special
In the past, the Super Giant movie series and shows like Moonlight Mask (the first TV superhero in Japan) became controversial, when kids imitated the stunts performed by the featured superheroes, usually by jumping out of a window (this was also a major issue with TV and movie adaptations of Superman).
The original Android Kikaider series was one of the first tokusatsu superhero TV shows that added safety bumpers (seen at the end of each episode) which warned kids not to imitate the dangerous and impossible stunts performed by the title superhero.