Kare Kano (彼氏彼女の事情 Kareshi Kanojo no Jijō?, lit. "His and Her Circumstances"), is a manga series by Masami Tsuda. It was serialized in LaLa from 1996 to 2005 and collected in 21 tankōbon volumes by Hakusensha. It depicts the romance between "perfect" student Yukino Miyazawa and her academic rival Soichiro Arima, and the relationships of several of their friends.

The series is licensed and was published in English in North America by Tokyopop. The chapters from the first seven volumes were adapted into a 26-episode anime television series by Gainax. Directed by Hideaki Anno and Kazuya Tsurumaki, the episodes were broadcast in Japan on TV Tokyo from October 1998 to March 1999. It is licensed for distribution in North America by Right Stuf International, which released it as His and Her Circumstances. It is also sub-licensed for release by Enoki Films USA under the title Tales at North Hills High.


Yukino Miyazawa is a Japanese high school freshman who is the envy of classmates for her good grades and immaculate appearance. However, her "perfect" exterior is a façade, a charade she maintains to win praise. In the privacy of her own home, she is spoiled, stubborn, a slob, and studies relentlessly and obsessively to maintain her grades. On entering high school, she is knocked from her position at the top of the class by Soichiro Arima, a handsome young man whose very existence Yukino considers a threat to the praise on which she thrives, and she vows to destroy him. When Soichiro confesses that he has a crush on her, Yukino rejects him then boasts about it at home. Her observant little sister Kano points out that her rivalry with him comes from admiration, causing her to rethink her own feelings.

Before she can figure out if she hates or likes Soichiro, he visits her home and discovers her being herself. He uses the information to blackmail her into doing his student council work. At first Yukino accepts it, coming to realize that he is also not the perfect student he pretends to be. Tired of being used, Yukino revolts and Soichiro apologizes, and admits he still loves her and just wanted to spend time with her. Yukino realizes she loves him as well, and together they resolve to abandon their fake ways and be true to themselves, though she initially has trouble breaking her lifelong habit of pretend-perfection and her competitive ways.

As the series progresses, Yukino is able to open her true self to others and earns her first real friends beyond Soichiro. It is eventually revealed that Soichiro was striving to be perfect in order to avoid turning "bad" like the parents who abandoned him. Falling in love with Yukino, he is able to become more true to himself, but he also finds himself becoming increasingly jealous of Yukino's change bringing new friends and new activities into her life, and of her having parts of her life that don't involve him. When Yukino unknowingly hurts him, he becomes even more jealous and afraid, and begins to wear another facade of the "perfect boyfriend" in an effort to protect her from his "ugly" self.

The return of both of his parents into his life sends Soichiro into a dark area, but helps him finally break free to truly be himself as Yukino and their friends help him learn to lean on and trust others. The end of the series shows Yukino and Soichiro in their 30s, with their three children, and gives updates on the various friends they made along the way.

Differences in anime adaptation

The anime adaptation uses the material from the first seven volumes of the manga, stopping just before the school's annual cultural festival.

The anime was cut short because of creative differences; the author was upset and refused to allow another season because she believed Gainax was focusing too much on the comedy and not enough on the romance.[1] The difference in style after director Hideaki Anno quit following this decision is particularly noticeable.


Kare Kano was Masami Tsuda's first lengthy manga series. Still new to professional manga writing in general, shortly after starting the series, Tsuda had to put it on hold while she finished working out the framework of the story and where she ultimately wanted it to go.[2]

In adapting the first seven volumes into an anime television series, director Hideaki Anno kept the same general scenes and dialogue but modified the overall feel and focus of the series, making it into a "personal case study of relationships". He emphasizes the dialog over the animation using a variety of techniques, including iconic scenes, production sketches, real-life location shots, repeated imagery, and even using animation version of manga panels or simply printing the lines of the dialog being spoken over static screens.[2]

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Written by Masami Tsuda, Kare Kano was first serialized in LaLa between February 1996 and June 2005.[2][3] The 101 individual chapters, referred to as "Acts", were compiled into 21 tankōbon volumes by Hakusensha. The first volume was released on June 5, 1996, with the final volume released on August 5, 2005.

Kare Kano was initially licensed for an English language release by Mixx Entertainment in 2002, but it subsequently lost those rights before publication began.[4] In July 2001, the company's Tokyopop division announced that it had reacquired the license and that it would be serializing the title in their Smile magazine starting in 2002.[5] However, Smile was discontinued in 2002 before the Tokyopop released the first collected volume of the series on January 21, 2003; the final volume was released on January 10, 2007.[6][7] It was one of the first manga series that Tokyopop released in the original Japanese orientation, in which the book is read from right to left, and with the original sound effects left in place.[8] In February 2008, Tokyopop reissued the first three volumes in a single omnibus volume.

The series is licensed for regional language releases by Editions Tonkam in France by Grupo Editorial Vid in Mexico, by Glènat España in Spain, by Dynamic Italia in Italy, by Carlsen Comics in Germany, and by Planet Manga in Portugal. It chapters were also serialized in the French magazine Magnolia and the German magazine Daisuki.


Kare Kano was adapted as an anime television series produced by Gainax. The majority of the series was directed by Hideaki Anno. After Anno left, episodes 14, 15, 19, 24 and 25 were directed by Kazuya Tsurumaki.[9] The 26 episodes were broadcast on TV Tokyo from October 1998 to March 1999. The opening theme was "Tenshi no Yubikiri" by Fukuda Mai, and the ending themes were "Yume no Naka e" by Atsuko Enomoto & Chihiro Suzuki for episodes 1–24 and 26 and "Kaze Hiita Yoru" by Yuki Watanabe & Maria Yamamoto for episode 25.

# Title Original Airdate
1 Her Circumstances
"Kanojo no Jijō" (彼女の事情)
October 2, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Yukino Miyazawa is the most popular girl in school, but in real life she is a spoiled, lazy, stubborn, and unmanageable. She acts so perfect only to be admired, treated special, and pampered. Her only rival is Arima Soichiro, who is even more perfect than her. After a week of obsessing over this, she beats him in a test, but feels bad because she is a hypocrite. The next morning he confesses to her, but she refuses and regrets. That Sunday, Arima comes over to loan her a CD, and she accidentally shows him her true self.
2 Their Secret
"Futari no Himitsu" (二人の秘密)
October 9, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
At school Arima doesn't tell anyone about it, but starts to tease her about her true nature that he stumbled upon. He uses her secret as a weapon to make her do all of his work. He is also not who he looks like. One night he treats her to dinner. The next day Yukino falls asleep in the classroom and is found by Arima when he returns from kendo practice. Yukino struggles to understand why Arima is on her mind. She then realizes she is in love Arima. Everyone has started to notice the changes in her. Yukino has decided she will no longer be doing Arima's work and feels that Arima was just using her.Yukino tells Arima she is finished with him and he chases after her out of the classroom. Arima explains that he just wanted to get to know her and he had no intention of ever telling her secret. The two then become friends. Arima starts to wonder why Yukino is always on his mind.
3 His Circumstances
"Kareshi no Jijō" (彼氏の事情)
October 16, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
After Arima notices the differences between Yukino and his family he feels insecure and starts to avoid Yukino. Meanwhile, Yukino agonizes over why Arima doesn't want to be around her. Yukino realizes Arima is the only real friend she's ever had. She eventually confronts Arima about avoiding her. At first he's hesitant but in the end tells her. He is an adopted child, his real parents were blackmailers and thieves and they would abuse Arima. One day they ran away because of a huge debt they had and left Arima alone. He was adopted by his father's older brother and they took good care of him. He felt that he could not open up to them properly because he was always trying hard to keep up a fake face to make sure no one judged him because of his parents. In the end, Yukino and Arima decide to let loose a little and slowly break away from the perfect images they had set up. Arima confesses to Yukino once again.
4 Her Difficult Problem
"Kanojo no Nandai" (彼女の難題)
October 23, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Yukino tries to think multiple strategies of confessing to Arima, but things don't work out as the way she planned. She later realizes though that it's her stubbornness that is causing the strategies to fail. She then tries to make Arima nervous so she can confess to him. She realizes she is scared to tell Arima how she feels because of her fear of getting hurt by him. In the end, Yukino finally gets the courage to confess. But instead of saying it to Arima, she ends up holding his hand in a meeting. By the end of the day, they are boyfriend and girlfriend.
5 Day of Labyrinth
"Kare no Yabō" (彼の野望)
October 30, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
The school's Sports Fest has been taking up all of Yukino and Arima's time, making it so that they don't see each other at all for two days. Finally they pass each other while running to do some tasks for the festival. Being stressed out, Arima yells at some guys that were asking them for help. Then, Arima and Yukino go to the roof. It's awkward at first but they then talk. After a comment that Yukino says, Arima makes a distracting comment of the weather and ends up kissing Yukino on the cheek. He then leaves to go back to work again. After a while, Yukino notices Asaba. Since he's friends with Arima, Yukino tries to befriend him, but all Asaba does is be rude to her and walk away. This leads to a lot of fighting with the two of them. Arima also later asks Yukino on a date. While Yukino is walking in the hallways, she bumps into Asaba who tells her that he wants to use Arima as his partner to get girls and ends up making her feel bad. Arima, who knows what Asaba had done, later gets Asaba by the shirt and tells him that he's wrong. While Yukino is getting stood up by Arima, she bumps into Asaba who apologizes to her. He then tells her that he might even like her. Arima then comes sprinting to Yukino and explains to her that it was his mother. Asaba then grabs Arima and tells him to apologize but Yukino stops him. Asaba ends up joining their group.
6 Your Voice That Changes Me
"Boku wo Kaeru, Kimi no Koe" (僕を変える、君の声)
November 6, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Arima and Yukino go on dates like crazy and Yukino can't stop but staring at Arima. Arima then realizes he hasn't changed a bit as he has dated Yukino.
7 Their Estrangement
"Futari no Sokaku" (二人の阻隔)
November 13, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Arima's and Miyazawa's grades have dropped. The two have been spending time having fun rather than studying. The teachers call Arima and Miyazawa to the office and tell them they need to break up. Miyazawa stands up to the teachers and tells them that they will study, but love is more important than their grades. The teachers call Arima and Miyazwa's parents. In the end, the parents tell the teachers that they have no reason to tell Arima and Miyazawa to break up and trust their decision as they have always been responsible.
8 Her Day
"Sono Hi, Miyazawa Yukino wa" (その日、宮沢雪野は)
November 20, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Arima invites Miyazawa over to his house on makeup exam day. They spend the day together and share their second kiss. Arima recalls how his life was before he met Miyazawa and how it changed after that.
9 Atonement for Postponed Debts
"Moratoriamu no Shokuzai" (モラトリアムの贖罪)
November 27, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
The girls in class 1A realize that maybe Miyazawa isn't really a model student after all. They start to ignore her. Miyazawa and Tsubasa meet each other. She is jealous that Miyazawa has Arima's heart. Tsubasa is mean to Miyazawa but she quickly gets caught by Arima who makes her apologize. Arima explains that he only sees Tsubasa as a little sister. She didn't mind until she found out he was with Miyazawa. This only further angers Tsubasa. Her friends come to talk to Miazawa. The girls in the class wonder how much longer they have to ignore Miazawa
10 Everything Starts Now
"Subete wa Korekara" (すべてはこれから)
December 4, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
The girls are continuing to ignore Miyazawa. Arima wants to fix it, but Miyazawa refuses to let him help. She is still also feeling the wrath of Tsubasa. Tsubasa's friends have decided to make Yukino their friend. Miyazawa finally confronts Maho. The other girls in the class start to realize that they were being used by Maho who is incredibly jealous of Yukino. Tsubasa and Miyazawa have a confrontation after Tsubasa rips up a picture in Arima's wallet. They begin to have an understanding of each other. Everything starts to turn around for Miyazawa. People are accepting Miyazawa for who she actually is.
11 At the End of the First Semester
"Natsu no Yasumi no Hajimari ni" (夏の休みのはじまりに)
December 11, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
The end of the semester is finally here. Everyone is figuring out their summer plans. Arima won't be able to spend the summer with Miyazawa because he will be in a kendo tournament. It's the first time they've spent any time apart. Summer starts and Miyazawa is spending time with her new friends.
12 The Location of Happyness
"Shiawase no Ari ka" (仕合わせの在りか)
December 18, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
Tsubasa insists on staying the night at Yukino's house, saying that with his engagement, her father no longer wants her, just like Arima. Yukino's family allows her to stay the night. Except for Tsubasa,they all play a round of UNO. That evening, Tsubasa's father and his fiancee arrive and explain the situation from his point of view. Yukino's mom tells Tsubasa's father that Tsubasa should stay the night at their house.
13 The Subjectivity of Happiness
"Shiawase no Shukan" (幸せの主観)
December 25, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
As she lies awake that night while spending the night at Yukino's, Tsubasa realizes she is being selfish, wanting her father all to herself and in the morning she accepts the engagement. At a formal dinner, she meets her attractive future brother-in-law, Kazuma, who is the same age as she is, but when he mistakes her for an elementary school student, she loses her temper. A few days later, they meet by accident and spend the afternoon together before going to Kazuma and his mother's apartment. At the end of the evening, she tells her father that she approves of the marriage, and they get married the next day.
14 The Story So Far
"Kore Made no Ohanashi" (これまでのお話)
December 30, 1998 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
A recap episode, summarizing the events of episodes 1 through 6.
15 The Story So Far (Part 2)
"Koe no Mukou ni Mieru Mono" (声の向こうに見えるもの)
January 8, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
A recap episode, summarizing the events of episodes 7 through 13.
16 Eternal Interspersion
"Eien no Tentei" (永遠の点綴)
January 15, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
The Miyazawa family visits Miyako's father, who does not get along with his son-in-law, Hiroyuki. When Hiroyuki and Miyako walk through the neighborhood, they recall in an extended flashback how they met as children on the playground. When they met again as middle school students, Miyako promised to attend the same high school as Hiroyuki. When the grandfather who raised Hiroyuki died before he could graduate high school and support him in turn, Miyako asked Hiroyuki is she could be the one he supported instead, and they married after she graduated high school.
17 His Return
"Ano no Kyorai" (彼の去来)
January 22, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
As Yukino counts down the days till Arima's return from his kendo tournament, she realizes she misses him more and more. When Arima comes home, having won the national championship, she finds her deepened emotions hard to control, to the point that just being with him makes her nervous. On their first date after his return, she flinches away from him, and unable to explain to him why, which she then realizes plays into his fear of being abandoned. Arima runs after her and tells her he will never let her go, which gives her the confidence to explain what has been happening.
18 Progress
"Shinka" (シン·カ)
January 29, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
19 14 Days/1
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·1)
February 5, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
20 14 Days/2
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·2)
February 12, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
21 14 Days/3
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·3)
February 19, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
22 14 Days/4
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·4)
February 26, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
23 14 Days/5
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·5)
March 5, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
24 A Different Story From So Far
"Ima Made to Chigau Ohanashi - 1" (今までと違うお話·1)
March 12, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
25 A Different Story From Up to Now
"Ima Made to Chigau Ohanashi - 2" (今までと違うお話·2)
March 19, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}
26 14 Days/6
"{{{RomajiTitle}}}" (14DAYS·6)
March 26, 1999 {{{FirstEngAirDate}}}


Four CD soundtracks have been released in Japan for the anime series by the StarChild label of Japan's King Records. The first, His and Her Circumstances: Act 1.0 (彼氏彼女の事情 ACT 1.0?) contained 24 tracks, including musical scores by Shirō Sagisu and songs written by Fumiya Fujii and Yōsui Inoue. It was released in Japan on December 23, 1998;[10] Geneon released the CD in the US on January 20, 2004.[11] His and Her Circumstances: Act 2.0 (彼氏彼女の事情 ACT 2.0?), containing an additional 25 tracks, followed in Japan on February 26, 1999 and in the US on November 1, 2005.[12][13] The third volume, His and Her Circumstances: Act 3.0 (彼氏彼女の事情 ACT 3.0?), also contained 25 tracks. It was released in Japan on May 28, 1999.[11][14] The three CDs were released as a box set in Japan, along with a fourth disc containing an additional 22 tracks, on February 23, 2005.[15]


The tenth volume of the series was listed as the top selling graphic novel in Japan on October 31, 2000.[16] In The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917, Jonathan Clements and Helen McCarthy praised the anime adaptation for its innovative techniques and the use of "surreal 'cartoon' effects". They felt the use of on-screen text for comments on events in the series and change the meaning of what characters were saying was a perfect way to capture "the adolescent power struggles and hypocrisies" in the original manga, while still being a "very funny satire about unlikable people" that manages to still make the characters sympathetic.[17]

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  1. "Interviews: Gainax: Past, Present, and Future". Anime Tourist. 2002-08-18. Archived from the original on 2003-12-05. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Citation/CS1/Suggestions' not found.
  3. "Kare Kano Manga to End". Anime News Network. 2005-03-24. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  4. "Mixx Loses Kare Kano". Anime News Network. 2008-08-01. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  5. "Tokyopop Announcements at Comicon". Anime News Network. 2001-07-19. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  6. "Browse Book Catalog: K: Kamichama Karin 1 - Kare Kano 13". Tokyopop. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  7. "Browse Book Catalog: K: Kare Kano 14 - Koihime Soushi 1". Tokyopop. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  8. "Tokyopop Commits to Unflopped Manga". Anime News Network. 2002-01-29. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 
  9. ""Kareshi Kanojo no Jijyou" (1998) - Trivia". Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  10. "彼氏彼女の事情(1)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "His & Her Circumstances: Act 1.0". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  12. "彼氏彼女の事情(2)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  13. "His & Her Circumstances: Act 2.0". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  14. "彼氏彼女の事情(3)" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  15. "彼氏彼女の事情 CD-BOX" (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  16. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Citation/CS1/Suggestions' not found.
  17. Clements, Jonathan; Helen McCarthy (2001-09-01). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917 (1st ed.). Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 174. ISBN 1-880656-64-7. OCLC 47255331.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)

External links

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