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For the epic poem, see Hotsuma Tsutae.

Hotsuma (秀真?) is a player character in Sega's Shinobi series, appearing initially as the protagonist of the 2002 PlayStation 2 video game Shinobi and its comic book adaptation, and later as a secret character in 2003's Nightshade. He was conceived by Noriyoshi Ohba as a "darker hero" recognizable by silhouette. He is equipped with a sword named Akujiki that feeds on souls, and can also use shurikens, "ninja magic", and other moves. His critical reception has been positive, often focusing on his style and movements.

Conception and characteristics

Hotsuma was conceived by prominent Sega employee Noriyoshi Ohba. His conception came as a result of a desire to create a "darker hero" and tone for Shinobi. Hotsuma was given a bright red scarf so that the player could easily locate him—it was perceived that his fast movements made the game confusing—and to contrast with his back, which is all that is visible of him during the majority of the game.[1] Producer Takashi Uriu aimed for the scarf to make Hotsuma recognizable by silhouette, as are iconic comic book characters Spawn and Batman.[2] Due to the 3D rendering of Shinobi, developer Overworks decided to grant Hotsuma the ability to run on walls. His usage of "ninja magic" was a recurring feature in the series, implemented as part of a desire to mix older and newer gameplay elements. However, his "stealth dash" move was a new addition consistent with the overall fast-paced nature of the game.[1] The move hatched from Uriu's knowledge of real life ninja's ability to "divide themselves into different bodies."[2] Hotsuma is voiced by Jordan Rosa in English and Daisuke Kishio in Japanese.[3]

Hotsuma is the owner of Akujiki, a sword that feeds on souls and is his weapon. Akujiki will begin feeding on Hotsuma's soul if he does not kill enemies efficiently enough, creating urgency in the hack and slash gameplay. However, killing several enemies quickly allows him to perform a powerful and exaggeratedly violent "TATE" attack.[4] Hotsuma can also throw shurikens. Three types of ninja magic are available to him: "Ka'en", an area-based fire attack; "Kamaitachi", a ranged shock wave attack; and "Raijin", which grants him invincibility for a short period of time.[5]



Hotsuma kills an enemy using Akujiki, a key tenet of Shinobi's fast-paced action gameplay. His red scarf trails behild him, a feature intended to make him recognizable by silhouette.

Hotsuma is the protagonist of Shinobi. He is the leader of the Oboro ninja clan, a position he inherited by killing his brother Moritsune in a duel. While he is content with his position in the clan, the death of his brother sporadically haunts him.[4] Four years after the duel, an earthquake in his hometown Tokyo levels the city, kills the entirety of the clan except Hotsuma, and causes a golden castle to appear. The sorcerer Hiruko Ubusuna appears and instructs summoned demons to destroy the city. Hotsuma makes it his goal to investigate the palace, avenge the death of his clan, and make peace with his past.[4] Thus, he begins to pursue Hiruko, which involves defeating demons and deceased Oboro ninja who have been reanimated to serve Hiruko. The seventh boss is a revitalized Moritsune who has also become one of Hiruko's minions; Hotsuma then defeats his brother again.[6] At the game's close, Hotsuma decides to destroy the evil Akujiki, and fights Hiruko as the final boss. Upon Hiruko's defeat, his soul is absorbed into Akujiki, he dies, the castle collapses, and Hotsuma leaves.[7]

A single-issue comic book adaptation of Shinobi created by Scott Allie, published by Dark Horse Comics, and released in 2002, features Hotsuma and other characters from the game in a scenario that mirrors the game's plot.[8] Hotsuma also appears as a secret character in Shinobi's 2003 sequel Nightshade, also exclusive to the PlayStation 2. He is unlockable after the player completes the game.[9]

Reception and legacy

Hotsuma's critical reception has been positive, often focusing on his style and movements. IGN journalist David Smith called Hotsuma "a great design, a sort of post-modern evolution of the ninja in comparison to the thoroughly traditional Joe Musashi [the main protagonist of the series]", additionally commending on the coordination of his moves with his appearance.[10] A review from stated that he is "the supermodel of video-game action heroes—lean, stylish and mean—and he fights as good as he looks."[11] GameSpy's Benjamin Turner and Allgame's Brett Alan Weiss described him as "sleek".[12][13] Weiss offered strong praise for Akujiki,[13] as did GamePro's Mike Weigand for Hotsuma's scarf.[14] GameSpot's Justin Calvert noted that "unlike most ninjas [sic] that appear in games, [Hotsuma] shuns shadows and the art of stealth in favor of chopping up enemies with his cursed ninja sword and a handful of throwing knives."[15]

Hibana, the female ninja protagonist of Nightshade, is stylistically analogous to and influenced by Hotsuma. Nightshade's Japanese title Kunoichi refers to a female ninja, just as Shinobi refers to a male ninja. Upon Nightshade's release, GameSpot writer Greg Kasavin remarked upon their similar appearances and attacks, and criticizing Hotsuma's need to "constantly feed his sword with enemies' souls lest he run out of power."[9]

See also

  • Other protagonists of the Shinobi series
  • Ninja in popular culture
  • List of ninja video games


  1. 1.0 1.1 Torres, Ricardo (May 24, 2002). "E3 2002: New Shinobi details". GameSpot. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 IGN Staff (May 23, 2002). "E3 2002: Shinobi Interview". IGN. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  3. "Shinobi - Credits - allgame". Allgame. Retrieved April 21, 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Hopper, Steven. "Shinobi Review". GameZone. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  5. Roper, Chris. "Basics". IGN. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 
  6. Roper, Chris. "Walkthrough: Stage 7". IGN. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 
  7. Overworks. Shinobi. "Hiruko: Graaaaaaaaaaah! We... are among the last of our kind... in this world... Why do you... still... / Hotsuma: Moritsune..."
  8. "Shinobi #1 (Comic)". Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Kasavin, Greg (February 10, 2004). "Nightshade Review". GameSpot. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  10. Smith (November 12, 2002). "Shinobi". IGN. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  11. 1UP Staff. "Shinobi Review from". Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  12. Turner, Benjamin (November 8, 2002). "Shinobi". GameSpy. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Weiss, Brett Alan. "Shinobi - Review - allgame". Allgame. Retrieved April 21, 2010. 
  14. Weigand, Mike (November 12, 2002). "Shinobi". GamePro. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  15. Calvert, Justin (January 15, 2003). "Shinobi confirmed for Europe". GameSpot. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 

External links

Template:Shinobi series